Six Stains of the Listener

The Six Stains of the Listener are part of a list of 14 types of mistaken conduct described by Buddhist teachers.

Three Defects of the Vessel

In traditional Buddhist teachings, the three defects of the vessel are explained as something students should avoid when receiving dharma teachings.


Mindfulness in the Buddhist tradition is a technical term. It emphasizes remembering or holding something in mind and is considered to be essential fo…


Bhagavān is one of the many epithets of the Buddha.

Loving Kindness

Loving kindness or love in Buddhist terminology refers specifically to the wish that all sentient beings have happiness and the causes of happiness.


“Foe Destroyer,” the English translation of the Tibetan dgra bcom pa (pronounced dra chom pa) may sound like an old-fashioned or unusual term. Why did Tibetan translators choose…

Three Jewels

The Three Jewels of the Buddha, the Dharma and the Sangha are the rare and supreme objects of refuge for all Buddhist practitioners.


Buddhafields as described in Mahayana activity are displays of wisdom spontaneously created by buddhas. Texts offer detailed descriptions of the incon…


Bardo is a Tibetan term that translates as “the period between two events”. The Tibetan syllable “bar” means “between” or “ intermediate…


The Vajrayāna, the “Diamond” or “Thunderbolt” Path of Buddhism is also known as the Mantrayana. The ultimate fruition of Buddhahood is no dif…